The Excellence of Triticale
Market Prices
New Varieties
General Information
    Tadeusz Wolski
Note of Thanks

DANKO Plant Breeding Comp.


Founder of DANKO Plant Breeders was Aleksander Janasz, son of a landowner in Płochocin west of Warsaw. He had attended the gymnasium in Berlin and completed studies of agriculture at the Polytechnics in Berlin-Charlottenburg in 1875. After having finished his education in practical farming at his uncle’s farm, he bought the 400 hectares Danków farm about 50 km south of Warsaw in 1878 and started agriculture on his own.


Aleksander Janasz

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In 1880 he started to select winter wheat. The political situation was rather inconvenient. After its third division in 1795 Poland had disappeared from the map, and at that time the region around Danków was part of the Russian Empire which behaved rather sceptically against new developments in Poland.

In 1885 the breeding programme was enlarged by winter rye and sugar beets. A. Janasz developed forward-looking breeding methods and varieties of remarkable importance.

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After in 1918 Poland had regained its independence, the enterprise experienced a fabulous upswing. Sugar beet seed production grew from 100 to 3,000 tons – the variety AJ 1 being the best variety in Poland by far and also appreciated in South and South East Europe, and exported even into the USA and East Asia. The Janasz wheat and rye varieties were the most successful ones all over Poland.

A. Janasz developed a network of breeding and testing stations as well as seed production and cleaning plants, and in 1939 counted among the leading breeding companies in Europe, having contacts to research and breeding stations all over the world.

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Difficult Times

In World War II the enterprise suffered severely. The occupying forces promoted varieties from Germany, especially regarding sugar beets. But due to the fact that winter hardy cereal varieties were indispensable in Poland for safeguarding food supply, Janasz cereal plant breeding was able to continue and even to score great successes.

After 1945 all enterprises in Poland were nationalized and reorganized. Maria Wolska, a daughter of the founder A. Janasz, got in charge of cereal breeding, supported by her son Tadeusz Wolski who became head of the breeding department in 1948. Thanks to his extraordinary knowledge, abilities, creativity and diligence in combination with his revival of international relationships, a great number of excellent wheat and rye varieties could be released. One of Wolski’s outstanding abilities was the gift to assemble highly talented collaborators and transmit his knowledge to them. Thus, after Wolski due to illness had to retire approximately at the millennium, his work could be continued and extended.

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New Flourishing

Nowadays, Danko Plant Breeders are the leading cereal breeding company in Poland with a market share - based on the multiplication area after field inspection - in 2009 of 39,7 % (thereof 31,7 % own varieties). The market share within the different species is the following:

70,9 % in winter triticale
53,9 % in spring triticale
48,0 % in oats
43,2 % in rye
32,9 % in spring wheat
31,5 % in winter wheat
27,8 % in spring barley
16,7 % in winter barley.

The development of Danko Plant Breeders from the very beginning to its national and international importance today is fascinating. A more detailed portrait can be found under 125-jahre-danko-pflanzenzucht.doc [61 KB] - so far in German language only: Translation into English is about to be prepared.

If you want to have a look at the website of Danko Plant Breeders, click:

To continue, click: Tadeusz Wolski

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