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Ethanol Production

A Schnapps Idea ?

All those who have had the chance to taste it, were enthusiastic about it: The triticale schnapps! The project was started under the motto

“Triticale in its best form”

as part of our sales promotion in order to attract new customers with a small gift. But we also learnt through it that triticale – thanks to its excellent enzyme activities – is superbly suited for making alcohol, and that it produces more alcohol than other grains.

Since then, the suitability of triticale for the production of alcohol, respectively ethanol which is the same, has been a matter of scientific research, and the results known so far are very promising. I dispose of a wide range of examination reports concerning

> the starch content of triticale in comparison to other cereals,
> the fermentation characters of triticale in comparison to other cereals,
> comparisons of different triticale varieties in respect to theier suitabilities for the production of ethanol,
> recommendations for growing triticale specifically for ethanol production
> feeding characteristics of triticale distilling residues


and other subjects. Whoever is interested to get to know more details, is invited to contact me: I think that I can be of help.


 


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Starch Content


The higher the starch content, the better the profitability of ethanol production. As already described under Contents , triticale compares to wheat in starch content, and excels rye and barley. Wheat normally sells at high prices, whereas triticale can be produced on poorer land at lower costs.



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Pentosane Content


Triticale is much lower than rye in pentosane content which during the processing can create mucous secretions which are not wanted. This means that triticale has the advantage over rye that costly enzymes need not to be added during processing. In addition, ethanol yield from triticale is defenitely higher than that of rye.



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Enzymes


Enzymes play an important role in ethanol production. All cereals have a certain proportion of own enzymes – so called autoamylotic properties. Amongst all cereals, triticale – in addition to its high starch contents – excels by a very high AAQ (autoamylotic quotient).

The high activities of enzymes which convert starch into alcohol, make triticale the most suitable grain for ethanol production.



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Ethanol Varieties


The advantages described above can be regarded as good for triticale in general. But of course it has to be taken into consideration that in the short period of its existence triticale breeder have created a wide range of varieties which differ not only in yield and other agricultural features, but that in the meantime some of the very new varieties show a big progress concerning their contents. As a result of specific breeding for ethanol triticale and intensive official testing (especially in Poland), recommendations of the best suited ethanol triticale varieties can be provided. Since such details are not too commonly known but highly interesting, I recommend to have a look on my special page under New Varieties .



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Conclusions


> The high starch content in triticale,
> the low pentosan content in comparison to rye,
> the high enzyme activities of triticale

are the main characteristics which distinguish triticale from all other grains for ethanol production.

There still are research programmes running in order to find out more details, but the basic statements seem to be more than obvious.


To continue, click: Bio Gas



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