Yields in Germany
According to publications issued by the Statistical Office, the average yields of triticale in Germany in all past 25 years regularly and without exception have surpassed those of rye distinclty, in the average by extraordinary 16,4 %, and - even better - by 17,0 % in the average of the last 5 years! For details, click comparisonofyieldsingermany.xlsx [15 KB]
Certainly, the higher yields partly can be put down to the fact that triticale in many cases is cultivated on better locations than rye. Therefore, a direct comparison of the yield potential of triticale and rye has been made, based on post registration trials which are effected by the agricultural authorities in the different States of Germany, so called Landessortenversuche - shortly LSV. The investigation was made according to the following
Methods and Descriptions
LSVs in Germany are not carried out uniformly. Mostly, rye and triticale are being tested not all on the same locations. Partly, LSV reports include results from neighbouring States. In order to avoid double valuations, such locations in this study have been into account only in their very regions.
The summaries are based on the following methodical principles:
1. In order to avoid double valuations, every location was only counted once.
2. Only such locations have been evaluated on which both - rye and triticale - had been tested.
3. Only those varieties have been included which had been tested on all locations of the very LSV.
4. As a rule, triticale as well as rye is being cultivated in Germany intensively. Therefore this study is based on the results of standard 2 (high intensity).
5. Those in each year in high intensity in each State highest yielding varieties of rye and triticale have been selected and compared.
6. In Eastern Germany, reports are not made per State, but per soil class as follows:
> D-locations (sandy arable soils)
> V-locations (weathering soils)
7. In Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) a similar scheme is applied as follows:
> loamy soils
> sandy soils north
> sandy soils west
In the years 2007 through 2012 and all s
tates, triticale compared to hybrid rye as follows:
1. In the first three years - 2007 through 2009 - the best three triticale varieties were on about the same level as the first three hybrid rye varieties.
2. In the years 2010 through 20211 the first three hybrid rye varieties were slightly higher in yield than the first three triticale varieties.
3. In the year 2012 the first three triticale varieties as well as the first three hybrid rye varieties had extremely high yields, higher than ever before: The best triticale as well as the best hybrid rye yielded the record of 104,3 q/ha in the average of all locations (including sandy soils), closely followed by the next 2 best varieties of each species, the average of the best three triticale varieties being 102,5 q/ha - exactly the same as the average of the best three hybrid rye varieties.
Look at the sensational table and click: 6-y-comparison-yields-d-.xlsx [12 KB]
Considering the 10 % higher feeding value as well as 10 % (or even more) higher selling price of triticale,
>>> triticale is the best hybrid with rye!
For the results in the single States, click:
ranking-2012.xlsx [13 KB]
rangreihenfolgen-2011.xlsx [12 KB]
rangreihenfolgen-2010.xlsx [11 KB]
rangreihenfolgen-2009.xlsx [12 KB]
rangreihenfolgen-2008.xlsx [13 KB]
rangreihenfolgen-2007.xlsx [11 KB]
To continue: Cultivation